The aging process is for the most part no longer a mystery. It consists largely of daily damage at the macroscopic, tissue, cellular and genetic levels. These add up over the years. These damages have specific causes such as oxidizing agents, sun rays, mechanical wear, psychological stress, lack of certain nutrients and others such as fat.
Another component of aging is the reduction of telomere chains at the ends of the chromosome, at each cell division. However, the body has the means to repair these ends again, with an enzyme called telomerase. The speed of the aging process depends on the lack of efficiency of this repair process. The causes of aging mentioned above also slow down this repair process.
The factors responsible for aging also cause other diseases such as cancer and coronary heart disease. The knowledge gained today helps prevent aging and these diseases, and the damage can be largely undone. The components to achieve this are:
– A balanced daily food containing whole grains, peas, beans, vegetables, fruits, fish, mushrooms, fullers and seafood, and with a moderate amount of red meat.
-Just a moderate amount of fat and most of the intake of fat from sources such as olive, fish, nuts, sunflower, and so on. the omaga-3 type (fish) and polyunsaturated fats of the omega-6 type.
-Just a very moderate amount of butter, soybean oil, corn oil and palm oil. High consumption of these sources of fat gives you too much saturated fat and omega-6 polyunsaturated fat.
-Just a very moderate amount of sugar, refined flour or refined grains.
-Supplement of specific nutritional components such as vitamins, minerals, lecithin and some essential fatty acids.
– Proper training, which gives both a muscular load, improves your fitness and extends your body. To stretch, yoga exercises are ideal.
– adequate rest and stress reduction. Daily meditation is a method to achieve this. Natural relaxation agents or specific tools for meditation or relaxation may also be useful.
-Supplements of specific anti-aging agents such as anti-oxidants or human growth hormone.
-Use of specific anti-aging agents to apply on the surface of the skin.
-To protect the skin against excessive exposure to the sun.
The amount needed for nutritional supplements, such as vitamins and minerals, differs greatly depending on the state of health, the workload and the exposure to stress in the environment. A person who has a bad digestion, who practices a high level sport or who is exposed to a lot of environmental stressors may need more than a person in an average situation.