Unfortunately, at the present time, there is not enough evidence to show that these products actually work. However, some active ingredients currently used in anti-aging products have been shown to be safe and effective. The goal is to find the right ingredients that go well with your skin.
So, what are these ingredients that promise to get positive results from the anti-aging process? Understanding these ingredients can be overwhelming, let alone knowing what will work. There are five commonly listed active ingredients that play a role in decreasing the signs of aging.
1) antioxidants – help fight cell damage caused by molecules that can injure cells and increase the risk of inflammation, including the risk of cancer. Items that have antioxidant properties include beta-carotene, lycopene, selenium and vitamins A, C and E. These antioxidants are found in fruits, vegetables, nuts, some meats and various other foods. There are also supplements available for many of these antioxidants. It's the formulation of these antioxidants that determines their effectiveness.
2) Alpha-hydroxy acids – are natural ingredients derived from fruits and milk sugars, such as lactic, glycolic and citric acids. These are most often used because they act as an exfoliant by removing dead skin cells, allowing the growth of new cells. By allowing the deeper layer of skin to rise more quickly to the surface, it speeds up the skin renewal cycle. Each acid has its own marginally different effects.
a) Lactic acid – sourced from acid milk and helps remove dead skin cells. This has a lightening reaction on the skin.
b) Glycolic acid – comes from sugar cane and helps reduce wrinkles and fine lines. The skin appears smoother and firmer.
It is recommended to use sunscreen daily, as these ingredients can cause sun sensitivity and tingling.
3) peptides – are small proteins that help revitalize new cells and help skin cells heal. The aging process thins our skin and causes it to lose fat, resulting in looseness and the development of fine lines. Our body starts to produce less collagen and elastin, which allows the skin to retain its smooth, plumped and youthful appearance. The peptides are found in a number of products and the formulation that could work is still unknown to the experts. Peptides stimulate the replacement of collagen, elastin and other components endured by the skin during the aging process. Depending on their formulation and the surface of the skin, these peptides may not be able to penetrate deeply enough to achieve their effect. Peptides have a good moisturizing action and help moisturize the skin, making wrinkles less visible.
4) resveratrol – is a plant compound present in red wine and available in supplement. This compound has been claimed to reverse or prevent chronic health problems such as heart disease or diabetes. Drinking wine in moderation is known to have beneficial effects on health; However, there is not enough evidence of acquired metabolic benefits.
5) retinol – is an ingredient found in many over-the-counter skin creams. Retinol, a natural form of vitamin A, is proclaimed as an effective method to reduce the signs of aging, reduce the appearance of wrinkles and strengthen the thickness and elasticity of the skin. Prescription retinol products are available but can cause burns, heat, tingling, and tingling. New prescription strength formulations are available that are more tolerable and still effective.
There is no real way to determine which of these ingredients will work best for each of us. The best way is to use an ingredient for several weeks to see if the desired results are achieved.